How much do you know about the Republic of Indonesia? Here are some facts about my home for the next year!
How many islands comprise the Indonesian archipelago?
Indonesia is made up of over 17,000 islands. This gives it the 7th largest land area in the world and a population of 264 million people makes Indonesia the 4th most populous country. Java, the world’s most populous island, is home to over half of the country’s total population.
What is the climate like in Indonesia?
As an equatorial archipelago, Indonesia experiences a relatively stable, tropical climate. The country experiences two seasons: the wet season generally falls between November and March, while the dry season extends from April to October. Depending upon the location, islands in Indonesia mainly experience either tropical rainforest, tropical monsoon or tropical savannah climates. There are also more cooling, milder climates in the mountainous regions at higher elevations. Throughout Indonesia, relative humidity ranges between 70-90%, while average temperatures range between 26 and 28 degrees Celsius (78 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit) depending upon elevation and proximity to the coast.
What are some of Indonesia’s main exports?
Indonesia is an agricultural nation. It is well known as a producer of rice, palm oil, rubber, spices, and coffee, among other things. It is also abundant in resources such as oil, coal, and natural gas, as well as precious metals, including tin, gold, nickel, and copper.
What are the main religions in Indonesia?
The majority religion in Indonesia is Islam. In fact, Indonesia is home to the most populous muslim majority in the world, with about 89% of the country practicing Islam. About 10% of Indonesians are Christian, while the rest are Hindus, Buddhists, and other minority religions. Indonesian Hindus are primarily Balinese, while Indonesian Buddhists are primarily Chinese Indonesian.
What type of government does Indonesia have?
Indonesia is a republic. This means that it operates under a presidential system, with the president as head of state and government and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. Presidents serve five-year terms, and can only serve two terms consecutively. The People’s Consultative Assembly is the highest representative body, with two houses: the People’s Representative Council, and the Regional Representative Council. These bodies are responsible for amending the national constitution and impeaching and inaugurating the president, much like Congress in the United States. Indonesia also has a Supreme Court as the highest judicial branch, with additional courts such as the State Court, High Court, Religious Court, and Constitutional Court, depending upon the matter of dispute.